NCBI Bookshelf. The vagina is a unique environment for bacterial colonization. It is subject to dramatic changes over the course of a lifetime, induced by developmental and hormonal changes.
It develops when there's an imbalance between the "good" bacteria in the vagina that are helpful and the "bad" bacteria that can cause problems. Bacterial vaginosis may cause pain, itching, and a bad-smelling discharge. But most girls with BV don't notice any symptoms — and that's not necessarily a good thing.
Recurrent bacterial vaginosis is an imbalance of the vaginal bacteria normally present in the vagina. Bacterial vaginosis is a common condition and treatment is available; however, in some women the condition may recur or even become chronic, requiring multiple and sometimes long-term treatments. Bacterial vaginosis occurs when an overgrowth of bacteria normally present in the vagina upsets the natural balance of "good" and harmful bacteria that live in the vagina.
Bacterial vaginosis is a mild infection of the vagina caused by bacteria. Normally, there are a lot of "good" bacteria and some "bad" bacteria in the vagina. The good types help control the growth of the bad types.
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal odor and discharge. It is caused by a change in the type of bacteria found in the vagina. Normally, bacteria belonging mostly to the Lactobacillus family live harmlessly in the vagina and produce chemicals that keep the vagina mildly acidic.
All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Bacterial vaginosis BV is a condition caused by changes in the amount of certain types of bacteria in your vagina.
The content here can be syndicated added to your web site. Print Version pdf icon. Bacterial vaginosis BV is a condition that happens when there is too much of certain bacteria in the vagina. This changes the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina.
Bacterial vaginosis BV is a common but frustrating condition in which the normal balance of the vaginal flora is disrupted, leading to an overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria. While BV is readily treated with antibiotics, the recurrence of infection is common, usually within 12 months of treatment. Of the 21 million American women believed to affected by bacterial vaginosis each year, only around three million actually experience symptoms.
Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. As many as one third of women will have symptoms of vaginitis sometime during their lives. Vaginitis affects women of all ages but is most common during the reproductive years. A change in the balance of the yeast and bacteria that normally live in the vagina can result in vaginitis.