Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by yeasts that belong to the genus Candida. Some of the hundreds of Candida species can cause infection in humans; the most common is Candida albicans. Candida normally lives inside the body in places such as the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina and on the skin without causing any problems.
See also Overview of Fungal Skin Infections. Candida yeast is a normal resident of the mouth, digestive tract, and vagina that usually causes no harm. Under certain conditions, however, Candida can overgrow on mucous membranes and moist areas of the skin.
Many women experience vaginal yeast infections during their lifespan. Often resulting in uncomfortable symptoms like burning, itching, and a white discharge, this infection impacts the vagina and the area around it, the vulva. A yeast infection is caused by several different fungi that normally grow in the body.
VVC usually is caused by C. Typical symptoms of VVC include pruritus, vaginal soreness, dyspareunia, external dysuria, and abnormal vaginal discharge. None of these symptoms is specific for VVC. On the basis of clinical presentation, microbiology, host factors, and response to therapy, VVC can be classified as either uncomplicated or complicated Box 3.
Candida infection of the skin is a yeast infection of the skin. The medical name of the condition is cutaneous candidiasis. The body normally hosts a variety of germs, including bacteria and fungi.
See related patient information handout on recurrent yeast infectionswritten by the author of this article. Vulvovaginal candidiasis is considered recurrent when at least four specific episodes occur in one year or at least three episodes unrelated to antibiotic therapy occur within one year. Although greater than 50 percent of women more than 25 years of age develop vulvovaginal candidiasis at some time, fewer than 5 percent of these women experience recurrences.
Yeast is a fungus that normally lives in the vagina in small numbers. A vaginal yeast infection means that too many yeast cells are growing in the vagina. These infections are very common.
A vaginal yeast infection is an infection resulting from the overgrowth of yeast — a type of fungus — of the genus Candida. Candida normally live on the skin and inside the body mouth, throat, gut, and vagina without causing health problems. There are over Candida species, about 15 of which are known to cause infections if they multiply out of control. Also called candidal vaginitis, vaginal candidiasis, or vulvovaginal candidiasis, yeast infections are most commonly caused by Candida albicans.
Erratum in Sex Transm Infect. Hetticarachchi, Nalin [corrected to Hettiarachchi, Nalin]. Infections with species other than Candida albicans frequently do not respond to standard azole treatments.
Vaginal yeast infectionalso known as candidal vulvovaginitis and vaginal thrushis excessive growth of yeast in the vagina that results in irritation. Vaginal yeast infections are due to excessive growth of Candida. Despite the lack of evidence, wearing cotton underwear and loose fitting clothing is often recommended as a preventative measure.