This preview shows page 8 - 10 out of 11 pages. Subscribe to view the full document. I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer.
Infertility is a problem of the reproductive system. For a pregnancy, these must happen:. Infertility is not just a woman's concern.
NCBI Bookshelf. Sarao 3. The reproductive system in females is responsible for producing gametes called eggs or ovacertain sex hormones, and maintaining fertilized eggs as they develop into a mature fetus and become ready for delivery.
These parts are internal; the vagina meets the external organs at the vulva, which includes the labia, clitoris, and urethra. The vagina is attached to the uterus through the cervix, while the uterus is attached to the ovaries via the fallopian tubes. At certain intervals, the ovaries release an ovum, which passes through the fallopian tube into the uterus.
In simple terms, reproduction is the process by which organisms create descendants. This miracle is a characteristic that all living things have in common and sets them apart from nonliving things. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, it is not essential to keeping an individual alive.
School of Medicine. The fallopian tube may be blocked or damaged, preventing the sperm from reaching the egg or preventing the egg or fertilized egg zygote from moving from the ovary to the uterus to be implanted. Abnormalities in the pelvis can prevent the egg from attaching to implanting in the lining of the uterus and can block the fallopian tubes.
Applied anatomy and physiology for basic obstetric care is an entry to your studies in this Module and the next four Modules, and is essential preparation for your practical skills training. Obstetric care refers to healthcare for women during pregnancy, labour and delivery, and their immediate postnatal care. It requires a good understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system.
The female reproductive system functions to produce gametes and reproductive hormones, just like the male reproductive system; however, it also has the additional task of supporting the developing fetus and delivering it to the outside world. Unlike its male counterpart, the female reproductive system is located primarily inside the pelvic cavity. Recall that the ovaries are the female gonads.
Sperm cells pass through a series of ducts to reach the outside of the body. After they leave the testes, the sperm passes through the epididymisductus deferensejaculatory ductand urethra. Sperm leave the testes through a series of efferent ducts that enter the epididymis.
The female reproductive system is made up of the internal and external sex organs that function in reproduction of new offspring. In the human the female reproductive system is immature at birth and develops to maturity at puberty to be able to produce gametesand to carry a foetus to full term. The internal sex organs are the uterusFallopian tubesand ovaries.